'Captain of the Eleven' painted in 1882 became a lasting and much loved symbol of childhood innocence in late Victorian England and is still instantly recognisable today. Estimated at £100,000-150,000, the image represents the Victorian affection for childhood themes, which became hugely popular. After inclusion in the Pears Annual, published in 1898, the image was reproduced in countless posters, postcards and presentation cricket bats, throughout the 20th Century.
For the past 86 years the painting has been hanging in a primary school in Blackpool, a gift from a former governor. It is being sold to raise funds for the school.
A school spokesman explained, "The painting was donated to the school in 1926 by a local councillor. It has hung in our hall since then and has been part of the history of our school. The Governors and staff are passionate about ensuring all our children receive as many opportunities as possible to broaden their life skills and equip them for their adult lives. As education has changed over the years so too has our work at the school. Serving an area of high deprivation we strive to deliver exciting, inspirational teaching to raise our children's aspirations and unleash their potential. By taking the decision to sell our painting the Governors are ensuring we can continue to overcome the barriers faced by our families to secure a brighter future for our children."
The painting by Philip Hermogenes Calderon was originally in the collection of A & F Pears. Francis Pears' son-in-law and Pears Managing Director, Thomas Barratt, had an eye for spotting marketable works and was instrumental in bringing Calderon's fresh-faced cricketer to a wider audience. His other, equally famous, coup was to commandeer Millais' painting Bubbles to use as a perfect advert for the family's product. With Barratt's understanding of the Victorian audience and the appeal of childhood images, it is perhaps not surprising that he is sometime referred to as the father of modern advertising.
Bonhams Director of 19th Century Paintings, Peter Rees said, "Pears pioneered modern advertising techniques using images to reinforce the qualities they wanted the public to associate with the product. The company, and Thomas Barratt in particular, acted as a significant influence on the promotion of art and illustration of the time, with the publication of the Pears Annual. Calderon's painting of a young boy, in his cricket whites, with his clear complexion and cherubic face was the perfect image to represent the Victorian view of children as models of truth and honesty." Although born in France of a French mother and Spanish father, Philip Calderon was the leader of a group of artists called the St John's Wood Clique, whose aim was to introduce a fresh approach to historical painting. Calderon was a highly regarded Royal Academician; his most famous work, Broken Vows, is in the Collection of Tate Britain.